Irrigation means the watering of land to form it ready for agriculture. it’s the method of application of water to crops through artificial channels to grow them.
Water is significant for the expansion of plants. And, there are often no plants or crops if they are doing not have access to water in some form. It is, thus, crucial to provide water to crops and plants in time as per their need. the availability of water to plants comes from various water resources. For example,
- dams and reservoirs
Importance of Irrigation: Irrigation is necessary for agriculture and farming.
- Firstly, it enables growth and photosynthesis in Plants. Plants absorb minerals and nutrients from the soil via their roots. These minerals dissolve within the water present within the soil. Then the water transports these nutrients to all or any parts of the plant. during this way, it enables growth and photosynthesis.
- Secondly, it provides the moisture that’s crucial during the germination phase of the plant’s life cycle
- Thirdly, it helps increase soil fertility by adding moisture to it. It also makes the land easier to cultivate.
- Lastly, it increases the yield from the farm.
Traditional Irrigation Methods
These irrigation systems were utilized in earlier years. However, even today some small farms in rural areas adopt these. Although they’re cheaper than modern methods, they’re not as efficient. Because they have human or animal labour to function. a number of these systems are,
Also called the pulley system, it involves pulling up water from a well or other such source to irrigate the land. this is often a time consuming and labour-intensive process, but it’s very cost-efficient. Also, employing a moat avoids wastage of water.
2. Chain pump
A chain pump consists of two large wheels connected by a sequence. There are buckets attached to the chain. Further, one part of the chain dips into the water source. because the wheel turns, the bucket picks up water. The chain later lifts them to the upper wheel where the water gets deposited into a source. The empty bucket gets carried backtrack.
It is a process of drawing water from a well or such similar source. Here we tie a rope and bucket to a pole. At the opposite end, we tie an important stick or the other object as a counterbalance. and that we use this pole to draw up water.
Rahat uses animal labour. Above the well, we tie an outsized wheel. An ox or cow would turn the wheel to draw the water from the well.
Modern Irrigation Methods
These are more efficient irrigation systems that were invented in recent decades. These help us use water economically without wastage for agriculture. allow us to take a glance at the 2 most vital systems, drip irrigation, and therefore the sprinkler.
1. Drip Irrigation System:
Drip irrigation is the most used irrigation system lately. within the drip irrigation, we lay plastic pipes in rows near the crops or plants. These pipes have holes in them. The water seeps from these holes drop in a drop, hence the name drip irrigation. Drip irrigation is one of the foremost efficient irrigation methods because it reduces water wastage in agriculture.
2. Sprinkler System:
Sprinkler systems mimic the phenomenon of rain. In sprinkler systems, the pipes carry water to central locations on the farm. The sprinklers placed there, distribute the water across the fields. The sprinkler method is one of the foremost efficient irrigation methods to irrigate the uneven land for agriculture. additionally, sprinkler systems provide the simplest coverage no matter the dimensions of the farm.